Necrotizing enterocolitis, Digestive Disorders In Babies


Necrotizing enterocolitis, Digestive Disorders In Babies

Necrotizing enterocolitis is an infection and swelling of the abdomen. Often found in babies born prematurely. Many infants who survived and a healthy life, But if the infection becomes severe, can cause severe damage to the intestine, which can cause death.

Some children who survived may have problems with digestion, growth or development. This condition usually occurs during the first two weeks after birth. But can also occur after three months of birth.

Necrotizing enterocolitis symptom

Newborns typically healthy before beginning to show symptoms. Symptoms depend on how severe the problem, such as:

  •     Swollen belly soft, red or shiny.
  •     Constipation.
  •     Dark stool, black or bloody.
  •     Body temperature is not stable or low.
  •     Fever and chills.
  •     Heartbeat and rapid breathing…
  •     Do not want to eat.
  •     Vomiting.
  •     Become less active or less energy.

Diagnosis
Diagnosis can use

  •     Abdominal X-rays of newborns
  •     Blood tests on the stools (fecal occult blood test).
  •     Tests to check for bacteria in feces, blood, urine, or spinal fluid.

Cause of Necrotizing enterocolitis

The doctors are still not sure what the cause. Probably caused by the immune and digestive systems are not well formed. This can happen if the baby is born prematurely or have problems during pregnancy or birth.

Experts do not know whether to give food to the infant formula can lead to necrotizing enterocolitis. Just be aware that this disease is less common in infants who are breastfed.

Necrotizing enterocolitis treatment

Babies will be treated in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Treatment usually lasts 3 to 10 days. Might be longer if the condition worsens. Treatment involves infusions were given, antibiotics, and pipes that flow from the nose into the stomach to remove fluid and excessive gas in the stomach.

If the baby does not improve with treatment, he may need surgery. More than half of infants with necrotizing enterocolitis requiring surgery. Surgery usually has two separate procedures for weeks or months.

The first operation removes the damaged portion of the intestine and created a colostomy or ileostomy (opening in the abdomen) so that the intestine can be cured. With that case, feces leave the body through an opening in the abdomen and collected in a bag.

The second operation will be done to close the ostomy so that stool can pass through normal body again. After treatment, the baby will be ready to leave the hospital if you can eat well and not losing weight.

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